The candida yeast infections are caused by a group of microscopic fungi or yeasts. They live all over the human body and cause infection or become numerous by entering small cuts or nicks especially in warm and moist areas. Examples of yeast infections are vaginal infections, thrush, diaper rash, and nailbed infections. Usually the skin effectively blocks the yeast from entering the body, but cuts and nicks can break down this barrier. Most yeast infection can be treated easily. Systemic infections, however, can prove fatal. Recurring yeast infections need to be investigated more completely to rule out underlying diseases such as AIDS or diabetes.
Not only the lack of cleanliness, but there are other factors as well that contribute to the yeast infection. They are pregnancy, menstruation, sperm, or the use of antibiotics and steroids. Another reason for yeast infection is a weak immunity or cancer treatment. IV ports also pose a threat to the body by supporting the yeast infection. Systemic infection causes the yeast to enter the blood stream. This should be checked immediately.
Yeast infection manifests itself as a white cheesy discharge in the case of vaginal infections. There can also be itching and irritation. In thrush thick, white, lacy patches on top of a red base can form on the tongue or elsewhere in the mouth. This makes it painful to eat and care should be taken to ensure that the patient does not become dehydrated.
Over the counter yeast infection medication can treat almost all the yeast infections. however, in case you experience abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea or vomiting, you should report to the doctor as this might hint towards systemic infection. If thrust is taking a longer time to cure that you need more aggressive yeast infection treatments and medical care.
If the infection seems to be uncontrollable, them IV antibiotics are advised. For other treatments, treatment can be done in your home itself. In case of the vaginal infection, women can make the use of vaginal yeast infection creams. However, the case id different for pregnant women, they should consult the doctor. There is a great possibility that thrush in babies can be the result of yeast infection around the breasts of the infected mother. Therefore, the doctor might also check that. They can also be treated.
Barrier cream and changing nappies frequently would help in the case of a diaper rash.
We all know that there is a wide range of yeast infection treatment present. These consist of reams, lotions, pills, troches (lozenges), and vaginal suppositories. However, it is recommended that you should contact the doctor before going for any of these medicines. This is to ensure that you get the right treatment by the right person.
There are two main types of medicines used to fight yeast infections. The azole group of medicines are antifungal drugs that end in the suffix “-azole.” They stop the manufacture of ergosterol, a critical material of the yeast cell wall. Without ergosterol, the yeast cell wall leaks and this causes the yeast to die. As ergosterol is not found in human membranes, azoles do not harm human cells. Polyene antifungals include nystatin and amphotericin B. Nystatin is used for thrush and superficial candidal infections. Doctors keep amphotericin B for more serious systemic fungal infections. These antifungals attach themselves to the yeast cell wall building material, that is, ergosterol. These medications then form synthetic holes in the yeast-wall causing the yeast to leak and thereby die.
Most yeast infections disappear within a week or two. Exceptions are in the cases of people with weakened immune systems, where the infection recurs and becomes difficult to treat.
The key to avoiding yeast infections is to keep yourself clean and dry. This is especially true in the case of areas where there are small nicks and cuts. Keep babies diaper areas clean and dry through the frequent changing of diapers. People with immune system deficiency such as those suffering from AIDS and cancer patients who have taken medication that has destroyed their immune system should be extra careful.
Hydration is what you should take care of when the patient experiences a thrush. This is even more recommended in the case of babies and weak patients which are more susceptible to dehydration.