Top 3 Reasons For Curing Your Acid Reflux

If you’ve been an acid reflux sufferer for any length of time then you’ve probably spent a lot of time looking for a cure of some kind to end the pain. Heartburn, even if it’s just now and again, is a real drag on how you live your life. You never know exactly when it’s going to strike or how severe the pain might be this time.

There’s nothing worse than waking up in the middle of the night in the middle of an attack of acid reflux and flailing around trying to find antacids when you’re half asleep. Your sleep is broken, you’re uncomfortable and your gut hurts. Not a good night.

There are 3 really good reasons for wanting to cure your heartburn.

Quality of Life

Curing your heartburn will mean an instant change in your quality of life. The first thing you’ll notice is that you’re able to sleep through the night without any attacks of acid reflux to wake you up. This means that your body is going to be more rested in the morning and you’re basically going to have a far better day.

You also won’t have heartburn problems during the day either which means you’re going to spend more time enjoying your day and less time eating handfuls of antacids to quench that fire in your stomach. TV ads make heartburn look almost trivial but that burning sensation in your throat and stomach is far from being fun.

Enjoy Your Meals

Eating food before or after an attack of acid reflux is an absolute nightmare. Reflux can leave you feeling bloated before the meal even begins and even a simple mouthful of wine can be enough to set off another attack. Eating a good meal is one of the most basic pleasures any human being can enjoy and doing that without having to worry about heartburn will make any social event a lot more enjoyable for you.

One note on the above – using a heartburn cure or remedy and eating piles of spicy food isn’t going to work. You’re fooling nobody. A major part of your “cure” would be to eat sensibly – if a particular type of food gives you heartburn… guess what? Avoid it!

Prevent Cancer

There is a condition called Barretts Oesophagus that can lead to a type of cancer appearing in your throat. This only happens to certain people and only when they’ve made no attempt to deal with their acid reflux at all. Should you be scared? If you have severe heartburn that’s been going on for years then it would be a good idea to go and have a checkup. It’s quite rare to develop cancer as part of chronic heartburn but why take chances?

Let’s be clear here – heartburn doesn’t cause cancer but the damage done to the tissue in your throat can cause cell damage and allow cancerous cells to develop. Again if you’re not sure get a checkup.

So we’ve talked about a cure a lot here but not actually shown you one.

For that information folks you’re going to have to follow the links right below here.

Ways of Prescribing Hormone Therapy

Available in the form of tablets, patches, creams, pills, mist sprays and vaginal preparations (vaginal tablets, rings or cream), the choice of estrogen preparations are largely dependent on the symptoms diagnosed by the doctor. For example, vaginal creams or tablets are responsible for treating vaginal dryness while the pills or patches are useful for easing hot flashes. The estrogen pills are considered to be equally effective for treating vaginal dryness and are used along with other vaginal preparations during hormone replacement.

On the other hand, though progestin is generally taken in the form of pills, it is also found, along with estrogen, in the form of a patch or cream.

Some standard types of hormone therapy (HT) prescribed in med spa are:

Pills (Oral Therapy)

To avoid the issues linked with monthly vaginal bleeding, certain women prefer to take small quantities of these hormones on a daily basis. Also known as daily continuous therapy, this regular intake of progesterone and estrogen may lead to unexpected, irregular vaginal bleeding during the first few months of treatment, especially in the case of younger women who are entering their menopause. Proper planning with regards to the intake of these pills is a must to avoid any serious complications.

Spray Mists/ Patches (Transdermal Therapy)

The skin patches associated with Hormone therapy (HT) are meant to be used on a consistent basis. These patches have to be renewed a couple of times per week. To prevent the onset of cancer in the uterus, patches consisting of a combination of estrogen/progesterone are prescribed for those women who have not yet undergone hysterectomy. These patches are very effective for controlling hot flashes as well.

Vaginal Tablets, Creams and Rings

In general, estrogen vaginal tablets/ creams are prescribed nightly for a period of two weeks. Thereafter, their frequency is reduced to twice per week; for “maintenance therapy.” However, the safe use of these products has not been established with regards to the risks of uterine cancer, breast cancer or heart diseases.

Way Forward

In general, a carefully structured combination of female hormones — estrogen and progesterone, constitute the process that is referred to hormone therapy (HT) by medical practitioners. Also called progestins, synthetic progesterone compounds work along with estrogen to reduce the risks of uterine cancer or endometrial cancer. The presence of adequate amounts of progesterone reduces this risk and is generally not recommended for patients who have already undergone the removal of their uterus (hysterectomy).

Improved Brain Function With Vitamin D Supplementation

Scientists at the Children’s Hospital and Research Center in Oakland, California have recently begun studying whether there is substantial convincing biological or behavioral evidence that links vitamin D deficiency to brain dysfunction. The study found that there is biological evidence which proves that there is an important role for vitamin D in the development of the brain and its function. Supplementation for groups that are chronically low in vitamin D has been found to be extremely beneficial. Vitamin D is involved in brain function through its wide distribution of vitamin D receptors throughout the brain.

Vitamin D affects the proteins in the brain that are known to be involved directly with learning, memory, motor control, and possibly even maternal and social behavior. Research has shown that supplementation is beneficial to those groups whose vitamin D status is extremely low, especially nursing infants, the elderly, and African Americans, but the need for further study has been established. The authors of the study argue that vitamin D supplementation is necessary for those groups that are at risk.

Increased vitamin D levels protect the body against osteoporosis, cancer, and multiple sclerosis. There is now evidence that suggests that vitamin D may help protect against a potentially dangerous rise in blood pressure which occurs in some people as they get older. A study that was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition had researchers finding that as many as 60 percent of whites and more than 90 percent of blacks who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey had insufficient blood levels of vitamin D.

Researchers also investigated the association between vitamin D, blood pressure, and age. This investigation found that people with lower blood levels of vitamin D had significantly higher increases in systolic blood pressure as they aged than did those people who had healthy levels. Actually, the age-related rise in blood pressure turned out to be 20 percent lower in those people who had healthy vitamin D levels, as oppose to those people who did not. This suggests that vitamin D deficiency may play a critical role in high blood pressure development.

Many other studies have suggested that there is a role for vitamin D in reducing blood pressure. According to Vin Tangpricha MD, PhD., an assistant professor of Medicine in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Lipids at Emory University School of Medicine, there is not enough evidence that vitamin D prevents hypertension available, however, because vitamin D insufficiency is highly prevalent throughout the United States, it may be a good idea to take a vitamin D supplement solely because of the strong evidence on vitamin D’s ability to prevent osteoporotic fractures. It has been noted that further studies are needed in order to determine vitamin D’s effect on blood pressure.

Additionally, it needs to be determined if giving all patients vitamin D will help lower blood pressure. Those people who have a family history of other risk factors that are associated with high blood pressure, such as being older than sixty-five, should have their blood pressure checked regularly. Be sure to look for more studies and information on the effects of supplemental vitamin D on both white and black habitants of the United States to help battle vitamin D deficiency. To learn more about supplemental vitamin D, contact your local health food provider.

You Can Obstruct Prostate Cancer Recurrence With Vaccination

Prostate cancer recurrence is a very rare phenomenon as early detection helps your doctor to choose the treatment option that provides complete cure. However, if the disease spreads outside the prostate glands then there are chances that recurrence may take place. Nevertheless, there is no cause of panic as your doctor can cure the recurrence by removing the prostate glands.

Thus, early detection of the disease helps in complete recovery. However, we cannot rule out the chances of prostate cancer recurrence as any cancer cells outside the prostate can trigger the revival of the disease. However, regular tests after treatment aids in detection of the revival and removal of the glands with the help of surgery provides complete relief to the patient.

There is every possibility that the disease may revive within the first five years after the completion of the treatment. Nevertheless, new discoveries have curative measures to break the cancer cells and obstruct their growth. Vaccination is one such curative method so doctors advice their patients to take vaccination even if they have contacted the disease.

Thus, you should always pay heed to your doctor’s advice and maintain the schedule of regular check ups so that if you have any doubt about the revival of the disease you can easily get the clarification in the results and ward off your doubt. It often happens that a person who has suffered from this disease considers the common aches and pains in the body as revival of the disease.

Therefore, prostate cancer test helps you to lead a life free of tension and doubt after you have attained fifty years of age. This concept is true for all the ageing males whether they have already suffered the pains of the disease or is free from it but have the chances of contacting it. Thus, you should never neglect the regular schedule of tests prepared by your doctor for your well-being.

Nevertheless, if the prostate cancer test shows steady rise in PSA in spite of all the precautions then it is a matter of concern, as it is an indication about the presence of cancer cells in the body. However, cure in the form of hormonal therapy is available to eliminate the problem and stop the disease from recurring.

Nowadays many advanced types of prostate cancer test not only help in detecting the disease but also helps you to know about the recurrence of the disease. Moreover, the results given by these tests are authentic, which benefits both you and your doctor, as you can get immediate relief as detection gives your doctor the opportunity to treat the problem instantly.

However, maintaining your well-being is completely in your hands. If you strictly follow all the restrictions imposed by your doctor after the completion of the treatment then you can eliminate the chances of reviving the disease. Making a few changes in your lifestyle and eating habits, especially taking low protein and low carbohydrate diet will surely help you to avoid prostate cancer recurrence.

Hair Loss: Diagnosis, Treatment, And Outcome

Hair loss: Diagnosis, treatment, and outcome

How do dermatologists diagnose hair loss?

Because so many things can cause hair loss, a dermatologist acts like a detective. He or she may begin by asking questions. They will want to know whether the thinning happened suddenly or gradually. Knowing this helps to eliminate the causes.

The information asked will determine what medicines you take, what allergies you have, and whether you have been dieting. It is important to give accurate information. Like a murder mystery, the slightest clue can solve the case. Women may be asked about their periods, pregnancies, and menopause.

The dermatologist will carefully look at your scalp and hair, during an exam, and may pull on it. Sometimes it is necessary to pull out a piece of hair to get the proper evidence. At some point and time there will be a need to look at the hair on the rest of your body to see whether there is too little or too much hair in other areas.

Sometimes the evidence lies in your scalp, and there maybe a small piece of the scalp removed. This is called a scalp biopsy, which can quickly and safely be performed during an office visit. A scalp biopsy can be essential to solving the case. Sometimes, a blood test is necessary.

Notably, several health conditions, including thyroid disease and iron deficiency anemia, can cause hair loss. While thyroid blood tests and other lab tests, including a complete blood count (CBC), on people who have ordinary hair loss are usually normal, it is important to exclude underlying causes in sudden or severe balding.

If you are concerned about some other underlying health issues, you may start by seeing your family physician, internist, or gynecologist for basic health screening. Dermatologists are doctors who specialize in problems of skin, hair, and nails and may provide more advanced diagnosis and treatment of hair thinning and loss. Sometimes a scalp biopsy may be taken to help in diagnosis of severe or unexplained loss of hair.

Although many medications list this problem among their potential side effects, drugs are also not overall common causes of thinning of hair. On the other hand, with cancer treatments and immune suppression medications including chemotherapy, losing hair is a very common side effect. Complete baldness often occurs after a course of major chemotherapy for cancer. Usually, hair regrows after six to 12 months

Because so many things can become factors in loosing hair, it can take time to find the cause. You may need to make a few appointments.

How do dermatologists treat hair loss?

Just as there are many causes, there are many treatments for hair thinning, and the recommendation is to treat it early. This means before you lose a lot of hair. Hair is hard to treat when a person has lost a lot of it.

One or more of the following treatments may be part of your treatment plan.

Treatment available without a prescription

Minoxidil: This medicine is applied to the scalp. It can stop hairs from getting thinner and stimulate hair growth on the top of the scalp. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved minoxidil to treat hair loss. It is the only hair re-growth product approved for men and women. A dermatologist may combine minoxidil with another treatment.

Laser devices: Brushes, combs, and other hand-held devices that emit laser light might stimulate hair growth. These devices might make hair look more youthful in some people. Because the FDA classifies these products as medical devices, the products do not undergo the rigorous testing that medicines undergo. The long-term effectiveness and safety for these devices are not known.

Prescription medicine

Finasteride: The FDA approved this medicine to treat men with hair loss. It comes in pill form and helps slow hair loss in most (about 88%) men. It helps stimulate hair re-growth in many (about 66%) men. Finasteride works by stopping the body from making a male hormone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

Corticosteroid: If your hair loss is caused by inflammation in your body, a dermatologist may inject a medicine called a corticosteroid into your scalp. This can help stop the inflammation that happens when a person has alopecia areata. A corticosteroid is different from an anabolic steroid.

The type of procedure that a dermatologist recommends will depend on how much hair you have lost. To achieve the best results, a dermatologist may use one or more of the following procedures:

Hair transplantation: Skin on the scalp that has good hair growth is removed and transplanted to areas of the scalp that need hair.

Scalp reduction: Bald scalp is surgically removed and hair-bearing scalp is brought closer together to reduce balding. Scalp reduction surgery can be performed alone or in conjunction with a hair transplant.

Scalp expansion: Devices are inserted under the scalp for about 3 to 4 weeks to stretch the skin. This procedure may be performed before a scalp reduction to make the scalp more lax. It also can be performed solely to stretch hair-bearing areas, which reduces balding.

Scalp flaps: A hair-bearing segment of scalp is surgically moved and placed where hair is needed.

Once your dermatologist knows what is causing the hair loss, your dermatologist can tell you what to expect. Sometimes hair loss does not need treatment. The hair will start to re-grow on its own. In some cases, changing what you do will stop the hair loss, allowing your hair to start re-growing. Sometimes treatment can restore hair.

Viagra – For Women Now!

Viagra pill–acquainted with enhance men’s sexual life and working reported that they would be relinquishing eight years of past examination directed trying to build up a medication like Viagra to enhance female sexual feeling. Different items intended to enhance sexual activity in ladies; however can these Viagra plan B give powerful results when it comes in expanding sexual yearning in ladies?

How Does Viagra Work?

Viagra lives up to expectations by hindering a protein that goes about as an inhibitor of blood stream. In men, this can result in penile tissue to swell. At the point when a man takes Viagra, there is an increment in blood stream to the genital zones, which accordingly serves to treat erectile brokenness or ineptitude in men.

The same chemical inhibitor influencing male sexual brokenness impacts pelvic blood stream in ladies. The Viagra examination group endeavoured to discover a connection between arousal in ladies and pelvic blood stream in the early phases of trials. In any case, this endeavour fizzled, and a few analysts even recommended that genital arousal in ladies does not so much create sexual longing in ladies as it regularly does in men. Ladies may characterize sexual arousal in light of mental and enthusiastic, and in addition natural variables.

As per a portion of the scientists dealing with the Viagra group, Viagra for ladies or a Viagra option may help ladies confronting sexual brokenness because of reactions of other prescription. In situations where sexual longing is restrained because of enthusiastic or mental components, a female Viagra arrangement may not be material. So, buy female Viagra online.

Some regular elements that repress ladies’ sexual wellbeing include:

* Family concerns

* Relationship concerns

* Illness or demise

* Financial or work stresses

* Childcare obligations

* Previous or current physical or psychological mistreatment

* Fatigue

* Depression

Physical variables that may be adding to sexual brokenness in ladies include:

* Hypertension

* Heart infection

* Cancer

* Diabetes

* Thyroid issue

* Neurological ailments

* Autoimmune issue, for example, lupus

* Prescription medications, for example, hostile to hypertensive’s and sorrow pharmaceutical

Ladies and Sexual Health

Give or take 43% of ladies experience the ill effects of some manifestation of sexual brokenness. Sexual brokenness in ladies is described by an absence of yearning, arousal, or climax. Absence of longing is thought to be the most widely recognized dissention among these ladies. Give or take 20% of these ladies report experiencing issues with oil, which can be helped by Viagra-like medications that may build blood stream to the privates.

Cancer Prevention is Not Rocket Science

Cancer prevention is not some kind of rocket science. It is easier than you may think. Cancer prevention involves changing habits, especially the bad ones. It means making significant lifestyle changes. Cancer prevention is an important and active area of public health research. Cancer Prevention and risk-reduction strategies can greatly lower the physical, emotional, and financial burden of cancer and improve the overall health of cancer survivors, including lowering the risk of the cancer coming back or the formation of a second cancer. Cancer prevention research in the Department of Foods and Nutrition has been ongoing from many years, however recently the strength of this area has grown.


Cancer is not something that happens to someone else. Cancer is not something to pussyfoot around with. Cancer has been around as long as mankind, but only in the second half of the 20th century did the number of cancer cases explode. Cancer thrives on sugar and refined grains. Cancer grows rapidly where there is low oxygenation of cells. Observational evidence shows associations between alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and obesity and increased incidence of certain cancers. Remember, the more underlying conditions causing cancer that you correct, the better your chances of beating it.


Prevention offers the most cost-effective long-term strategy for the control of cancer. Prevention means avoiding the risk factors and increasing the protective factors that can be controlled so that the chance of developing cancer decreases. Prevention of cancer is always better than spending lots for its curing.


Researchers have found that carotenoids in dark green leafy vegetables are effective in inhibiting the formation of breast and skin cancer tumors, and preventing lung and stomach cancer. Research shows that you can greatly reduce your risk of developing cancer by not smoking/stopping smoking, being sun smart, eating healthy and being physically active Drinking less. Research suggests that up to 35 percent of cancers are related to poor diet. According to research, only 60 percent of women follow breast cancer screening guidelines, 30 percent of men and women follow colon cancer screening recommendations, and only 40 percent of men regularly get tested for prostate cancer.


Supplements aid your body to make it more healthy and leave it up to the body to take care of the cancer. Supplements can make up for this by giving the body a consistent supply of essential compounds. Supplements While some supplements may help, nutrients from foods prove more effective. If a doctor is not tied in and blinded by the medical/drug industry, he or she finds that a comprehensive approach to fighting cancer using powerful supplements that deal with the many different issues in cancer, works much better than only using drugs and other treatments that harm the body. Not using natural supplements to fight cancer is like being in a life and death struggle, and choosing to fight with one hand tied behind your back.

Cancer prevention does not have to be a hard task. Cancer prevention is a lifelong plan including smart choices in our day to day lives. Cancer prevention is important to having a long and healthy life, and it is something not to take lightly. Cancer prevention and early detection begins with knowing your cancer risk; then, doing something about it. Cancer prevention is a life- long commitment to a long- life of healthy living and it’s never too late to start.

Things To Know About Female Breasts

Breasts in a woman may be small. There is a misconception that unusually small breasts may not be normal, and it is seen that females, especially young unmarried girls, take hormonal treatment (oestrogens) unnecessarily which has severe adverse side-effects.

If a woman has normal menstruation and the secondary sex characters are normally developed, such small breasts should be taken within normal limits, and no treatment is required. However, the woman may also be checked up by a gynaecologist for any pathology in the uterus/ovaries, etc.. A simple per vaginal (PV) examination, and transvaginal sonography is all that may be required. But in spite of this, the woman with small breasts usually feels perturbed, which may be due to cosmetic considerations.

In a young girl, who felt constantly disturbed, and was taking hormones, of course, with no signs of improvement. She was asked to stop the hormones immediately, and was examined by a gynaecologist, who reported that she was perfectly all right, the only finding was that she had very small breasts. In spite of repeated assurances, the girl hardly felt satisfied, and was not convinced that her breasts were normal, though smaller in size.

This is not unusual. It seems to be analogous to other conditions in which a normal person has an organ that does not develop quite as much as would be expected. In some men, the penis is smaller than usual, although they are perfectly normal. We have found that when a woman is endocrinologic ally normal, i.e., all other secondary sex structures are normally developed and ovulation and menstruation are normal, there isn’t much that can be done about small breasts. The explanation seems to be that there is an individual variation in responsiveness of the tissues. The breasts simply do not respond in the usual amount to normal hormone values. It is generally found that they will not have significant growth of the breasts even though large amounts of oestrogen are given. Perhaps there is some difference in the levels of the other factors than oestrogen that are important for normal breast development. Some of these women have considerable growth of the breasts when they become pregnant and lactate. Probably this is due to the influence of pituitary or placental lactogenic substances…”

Hence it is obvious that probably there is an individual variation that in some females breasts remain small, while in others they are normal and even large. However, such small breasts will not in any way affect the health or growth of the female concerned. Many of such cases which we could follow, showed that their breasts worked in a normal way i.e. for lactation following delivery, and the breasts also, to some extent, increased in size.

There is a word of great caution that a female should not take hormones indiscriminately. These should only be taken with the advice of a specialist for the period specified. Even when the woman is on an oral contraceptive, a regular check-up of blood pressure is required, as all oral contraceptives cause a significant rise in blood pressure. Even a heart attack/stroke may be precipitated with the use of hormones. Also, the hormones may cause an increase in blood sugar levels, various blood lipids and body weight. Likewise, blood coagulability may also be increased with their continuous usage. Hence the need for precaution at every step.

In older women, while administering hormones, say to tide over the troublesome period of menopause, it must be ensured that she has no hidden malignancy. It is, therefore, advisable that the breasts are examined for any lump, and mammography of both the breasts is done. At the same time, a Pap smear and an ultrasonographic examination of the uterus must be carried out to exclude the malignancy of the uterus, especially of the cervix. It should be noted that hormones increase the risk of cancer of the uterus and breast. Hence awareness in this respect is an important step in the prevention of cancer of these parts of the body.

Facts About Signs And Symptoms Of Skin Cancer that Are A Must Know

Cancer of the skin affects far greater numbers of people than any other form of cancer. This form of cancer also strikes folks without reference to their skin color though fair skinned folks are the most susceptible. One of the premiere reasons for cancer of the skin turns out to be over exposure to the sun that has deadly ultraviolet rays that can damage the skin leading to such form of cancer. Aside from this there are other common reasons for cancer of the skin including the environment and your genes and also UV light damage and also, youngsters and teens are the most subject to have such conditions.

Signs Will Vary Considerably

When it concerns understands the common signs and symptoms of skin cancer it has got to be expounded the signs change from one acute to the other and the disease of the skin condition might either develop fast or slowly. Places to test for signs and symptoms of skin cancer include those areas that are most exposed to the sun. There’s naturally always a better possibility that you can survive carcinoma of the skin if you’re able to identify the signs and symptoms of skin cancer in good time, particularly when the sickness is in its early stages.

Some reasons why you should look for signs and symptoms of skin cancer include having a family history of suffering from skin cancer and in addition it could be because of having several (more than a handful) of moles. Even, as discussed earlier, having fair skin will leave you exposed to developing cancer of the skin and so if you are fair skinned then you have to be on your toes and you must definitely be watching out for signs and symptoms of skin cancer.

In case you have had exposure to coal tar or pitch or arsenic compounds or maybe radium then again you will to do well to test for signs and symptoms of skin cancer. The same is the case if you as a child suffered from sunburn.

The human body does naturally reflect signs and symptoms of skin cancer and so it is important that you and also your consultant intermittently conduct checks from head to toe to research whether there are any of these signs and symptoms of skin cancer on any bit of your body. Even suspicion that you have developed signs and symptoms of skin cancer is enough reason for you to seek professional medical help.

Nearly all the time, epidermal carcinoma is diagnosed either as being cancer or non-melanoma.

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Pancreatic Cancer Survival Time

Pancreatic cancer is usually a diagnosis which means the survival of the patient is in months or a couple of years. The tumours which originate from the pancreas are locally advanced by the time it is even detected by the usual clinical methods. The tumour may also spread to distant organs in advanced cases. The symptoms of pancreatic cancer are very few and they are seen only when the cancer is locally advanced. This makes the pancreatic cancer survival time much less as compared to other cancers. According to the American Cancer Society, for all stages of pancreatic cancer combined, the one-year relative survival rate is 20%, and the five-year rate is 5%. Even for those with local disease the 5-year relative survival rate is only 16%.

Overall, fewer than 5% of all patients are still alive 5 years after initial diagnosis. The collective median survival time of all patients is 4-6 months. The best predictors of long-term survival after surgery are a tumour diameter of less than 3 cm, no nodal involvement, and negative resection margins. The staging of pancreatic cancer is the best indicator of survival of a patient. The pancreatic cancer survival time depends on the extent to which the cancer has invaded the body. Local or resectable cancer which comprises about ten percent of all cases has the best cancer survival time. In this case the disease is confined only to the pancreas and is clearly separated from the surrounding blood vessels. The treatment options are surgery, and chemotherapy and radiation post operative. The median survival time in this stage is 17 months.

When the patient is in the second stage the cancer is usually so locally advanced that it cannot be removed by surgery. This means the cancer encases or compresses blood vessels which make surgery impossible. The cancer may also invade and destroy the surrounding organs. This stage makes up about 30% of all pancreatic cancer cases. The treatment in this case is usually chemotherapy which is most commonly gemcitabine-based and may be combined with radiation. This type of multi – modality therapy is associated with better survival rates. In very rare instances, cancers that respond well to initial treatment may subsequently be surgically resected. The pancreatic cancer survival time in this case is eight or nine months.

The last stage has the worst pancreatic cancer survival time. This is called the metastatic stage where the cancer is not limited to the surrounding organs but also affects distant ones. The liver is most commonly involved in this stage and the chances of survival in this stage are very bleak. Unfortunately, most cases of pancreatic cancer are diagnosed in this stage only. Approximately 60% of all pancreatic cancer cases are in the metastatic stage where chemotherapy is the only modality available. Gemcitabine based chemotherapy is the standard treatment in this stage where the median survival time is 4 to 6 months. The therapy also aims at relieving patient symptoms like jaundice or bowel obstruction with surgery and medication to relieve pain.